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Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

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It is the mantra given to Markandeya by Lord Shiva while giving him eternal life.


In Devanagari:
ॐ त्र्यम्बकम् यजामहे सुगन्धिम् पुष्टिवर्धनम् ।
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ।।

In translation : aum tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭi-vardhanam urvārukam iva bandhanān mṛtyor mukṣīya māmṛtāt

Word to Word Meaning of Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra:

ॐ aum = is a sacred/mystical syllable in Sanatan Dharma or Indian religions, i.e. Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism tryambakam = the three-eyed one (accusative case) yajāmahe = We worship, adore, honor, revere sugandhim = sweet smelling, fragrant (accusative case) puṣṭi = A well-nourished condition, thriving, prosperous, fullness of life vardhanam = One who nourishes, strengthens, causes to increase (in health, wealth, well-being); who gladdens, exhilarates, and restores health; a good gardener urvārukam = pumpkin iva = like, just as

urvārukam: 'urva' means "vishal" or big and powerful or deadly. 'arukam' means 'disease'. Thus urvārukam means deadly and overpowering diseases. (The pumpkin interpretation given in various places is also correct for the word urvārukam, but not apt for this mantra). The diseases are also of three kinds caused by the influence (in the negative) of the three guṇas and are ignorance (avidyā), falsehood (asat, as even though Vishnu is everywhere, we fail to perceive Him and are guided by our sight and other senses) and weaknesses (ṣaḍripu, a constraint of this physical body and Shiva is all powerful).

bandhanān = "from captivity" {i.e. from the stem of the cucumber} (of the gourd); bandhanān means bound down. Thus read with urvārukam iva, it means 'I am bound down just as by deadly and overpowering diseases'.

mṛtyor = From death mukṣīya= Free us, liberate us mā = not amṛtāt = [from] immortality, emancipation

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